July 27: The River That Made Us Connecticut


Today in 1998, Vice President Al Gore officially designated the Connecticut River as an American Heritage River, one of only 14 such waterways in the nation. In his remarks, Gore recognized the central role the Connecticut played in shaping not only the environment and physical character of New England, but also the economic and cultural history of the region. He also praised the incredible work done by local environmental and community groups in cleaning up rivers like the Connecticut, Cuyahoga, and Potomac, which had reputations for being infamously polluted only a few decades earlier.

The Connecticut River was a prime choice for this special distinction: As New England’s largest and longest river, it passes through four states on its 410 mile journey from source to sea, and its watershed covers an incredible 11,000 square miles.

As an American Heritage River, the Connecticut and surrounding environs (most notably wetlands) received federal protections, and future cleanup and conservation efforts became eligible for special federal funding. Expanding on efforts that had begun with Connecticut’s passage of America’s first Clean Water Act in the 1960s, local towns assumed greater control over wastewater treatment and industrial runoff. Communities conducted environmental studies that helped balance the river’s bacteria, fish, and native aquatic plant populations.

In the years since the Connecticut River became an American Heritage River, water in the river once called “the world’s most beautifully landscaped cesspool” has only continued to improve, and encouraging signs of better environmental conditions are plentiful. The region’s population of bald eagles has dramatically increased, and wild Atlantic salmon nests were spotted in the river for the first time in nearly 200 years in 2016. Today the Connecticut, the river early English settlers called the “Great River,” is a great river once again.

Further Reading

Al Gore, American Heritage Rivers announcement (video), C-SPAN

An American Heritage River,” connecticuthistory.org


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